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The Uttaranchal VIDHAN SABHA

Origin and Structure
The evolution of the Vidhan Sabha - House of People's Representatives - in Uttaranchal has an important place in the constitutional history of India.

Under the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000, the Assembly is to have 70
seats. At present, the assembly is an interim one, constituting the 30 erstwhile members of the UP Vidhan Sabha and Parishad hailing from the region that forms Uttaranchal today.

There is to be a fresh delimitation of assembly constituencies in the state, after which all the 70 seats will be filled through election.The present assembly has 24 members from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), 2 from the Samajwadi Party (SP), 2 from the Congress (I), 1 from the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and 1 unattached.

Process for Conduct of the Business
The Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly has 'Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business' for regulating the business of the House and its Committees. At present, the Assembly is functioning in accordance with those framed for the Uttar Pradesh Assembly but, soon, rules specific for the Uttaranchal Assembly will be enacted.

Sessions and Sittings
The Governor of the State summons the House from time to time keeping in
mind that the intervening period between the last sitting in one session and first sitting in the next session does not exceed six months. As per the Rules, the Uttaranchal Assembly shall have at least three sessions in a calendar year. The business of the House is decided by the House on the recommendation of the Business Advisory Committee.

Voting procedure
Generally, the decisions of the House are ascertained by a voice vote. In case the Opposition challenges the veracity of such a voice vote or when the opposition desires the votes to be recorded, members are requested to go to the Ayes and Notes Lobby as the case may be for a division.

The powers, privileges and immunities of the House of Legislature and of its members and committees have been laid down in Article 194 of the Constitution of India. Some of the important privileges are freedom of speech in the legislature, immunity to members from any proceedings in any court in respect of anything said or any vote given by them in the legislature or any committee
thereof ; prohibition on the courts to inquire into proceedings of legislature and freedom from arrest of members in civil cases during the continuance of the session of the House.